About 55 deaths have been recorded in suspected and probable cases while 13 deaths have been recorded among confirmed cases so.
With the recent confirmed yellow fever outbreak in Nigeria, The Business Insider Sub-Saharan Africa bring to you a detailed breakdown of the virus.
Below is everything you need to know about the terrible fever and outbreak in parts of the country:
Yellow fever outbreak in Nigeria
This was first confirmed in a 7- year old child from Ifelodun LGA, Kwara State on September 12, 2017.
Since then, there have over 1,640 suspected cases and 41 confirmed ones, according to the WHO Regional Reference Laboratory in Dakar, Senegal.
Nigeria’s Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) made it clear that the outbreak is currently active in 14 states: Kwara, Kogi, Kano, Zamfara, Kebbi, Nasarawa, Niger, Katsina, Edo, Ekiti, Rivers, Anambra, FCT, and Benue.
What is yellow fever?
Yellow fever is an acute viral haemorrhagic fever. Caused by a Flavivirus and transmitted by infected Aedes Aegypti mosquitoes. It’s name is derived from its jaundice (yellowish colouration of the eyes) in some infected individuals.
This is a disease caused by a virus that is spread through mosquito bites. Symptoms take 3–6 days to develop and include fever, chills, headache, backache, and muscle aches. #Health #Wellness pic.twitter.com/WsXHkVQQ7t
— Emzor Pharmaceuticals (@emzornigeria) November 29, 2018
This virus incubates in the body for 3 to 6 days once it is contracted before its symptoms begin to show. They include headaches, muscle aches, joint aches, chills, fever, loss of appetite, and nausea or vomiting.
In most cases, symptoms disappear after 3 to 4 days. In others, some people do not experience any symptoms at all.
A little percentage of patients who contract yellow fever (only 15 per cent) enter the toxic phase. Here, severe symptoms which include decreased urination, abdominal pains, vomiting (sometimes with blood), heart rhythm problems, seizures, delirium, bleeding from the mouth, nose, eyes or stomach, yellow discolouration of the eyes and skin.
This phase of the disease is fatal as half of the patients who enter the toxic phase die within 7–10 days.
Since there is no cure and the symptoms mimic those of other diseases, it makes it quite difficult to diagnose. This is why prevention (vaccination and mosquito control) is still the best approach.
The yellow fever vaccine is affordable and even free in certain states like Edo and Abuja. A single dose is all you need for life-long immunity against the disease.